SQL Query: Find database permission – User name, Database name, Login name, Role, Permission

–Find all the user permission on all the databases including – User name, Database name, Login name, Role, Permission.

–Find all the database and user list.

–Find the database permission

–Find the user permission

In view sys.database_principals you have all database users and database roles. type=’S’ means it’s a user, type=’R’ means it’s a role. Join with sys.server_principals to get the corresponding login for each user.

In sys.database_role_members you can find which user is in which role (table contains principal_id for role and user who is member of the role)

In sys.database_permissions you the permissions for objects in the database. MSDN Library aboutsys.database_permissions

You can use this script to get the list of Users, login name, account type and default database in all of your databases:

IF OBJECT_ID(‘tempdb..#SQL_DB_REP’) IS NOT NULL DROP TABLE #SQL_DB_REP;
/*I intentionally left out the space */
GO

CREATE TABLE #SQL_DB_REP
(
[Server] [varchar](100) NOT NULL,
[DB_Name] [varchar](70) NOT NULL,
[User_Name] [nvarchar](90) NULL,
[Group_Name] [varchar](100) NULL,
[Account_Type] [varchar](22) NULL,
[Login_Name] [varchar](80) NULL,
[Def_DB] [varchar](100) NULL
)
ON [PRIMARY]
INSERT INTO #SQL_DB_REP
Exec sp_MSForEachDB ‘SELECT CONVERT(varchar(100),
SERVERPROPERTY(”Servername”)) AS Server,
”?” as DB_Name,
usu.name u_name
,CASE
WHEN (usg.uid is null) then ”public”
ELSE usg.name
END as Group_Name
,CASE
WHEN usu.isntuser=1 then ”Windows Domain Account”
WHEN usu.isntgroup = 1 then ”Windows Group”
WHEN usu.issqluser = 1 then ”SQL Account”
WHEN usu.issqlrole = 1 then ”SQL Role”
END as Account_Type
,lo.loginname
,lo.dbname as Def_DB
FROM
[?]..sysusers usu LEFT OUTER JOIN
([?]..sysmembers mem INNER JOIN [?]..sysusers usg ON
mem.groupuid = usg.uid) ON usu.uid = mem.memberuid
LEFT OUTER JOIN master.dbo.syslogins lo on usu.sid =
lo.sid
WHERE
(usu.islogin = 1 and usu.isaliased = 0 and usu.hasdbaccess =
1) and
(usg.issqlrole = 1 or usg.uid is null)’
SELECT [Server],
[DB_Name],
[User_Name],
[Group_Name],
[Account_Type],
[Login_Name],
[Def_DB]
FROM #SQL_DB_REP
order by User_Name, DB_Name
;
–clean up
drop table #SQL_DB_REP ;

—1st

CREATE TABLE #tempww (
LoginName nvarchar(max),
DBname nvarchar(max),
Username nvarchar(max),
AliasName nvarchar(max)
)

INSERT INTO #tempww
EXEC master..sp_msloginmappings

— display results
SELECT DBname, LoginName, Username, AliasName
FROM #tempww
ORDER BY dbname, username

— cleanup
DROP TABLE #tempww

–2nd

SELECT Us.name AS username, Obj.name AS object, dp.permission_name AS permission
FROM sys.database_permissions dp
JOIN sys.sysusers Us
ON dp.grantee_principal_id = Us.uid
JOIN sys.sysobjects Obj
ON dp.major_id = Obj.id

–3rd

/*
Security Audit Report
1) List all access provisioned to a SQL user or Windows user/group directly
2) List all access provisioned to a SQL user or Windows user/group through a database or application role
3) List all access provisioned to the public role

Columns Returned:
UserType        : Value will be either 'SQL User', 'Windows User', or 'Windows Group'.
                  This reflects the type of user/group defined for the SQL Server account.
DatabaseUserName: Name of the associated user as defined in the database user account.  The database user may not be the
                  same as the server user.
LoginName       : SQL or Windows/Active Directory user account.  This could also be an Active Directory group.
Role            : The role name.  This will be null if the associated permissions to the object are defined at directly
                  on the user account, otherwise this will be the name of the role that the user is a member of.
PermissionType  : Type of permissions the user/role has on an object. Examples could include CONNECT, EXECUTE, SELECT
                  DELETE, INSERT, ALTER, CONTROL, TAKE OWNERSHIP, VIEW DEFINITION, etc.
                  This value may not be populated for all roles.  Some built in roles have implicit permission
                  definitions.
PermissionState : Reflects the state of the permission type, examples could include GRANT, DENY, etc.
                  This value may not be populated for all roles.  Some built in roles have implicit permission
                  definitions.
ObjectType      : Type of object the user/role is assigned permissions on.  Examples could include USER_TABLE,
                  SQL_SCALAR_FUNCTION, SQL_INLINE_TABLE_VALUED_FUNCTION, SQL_STORED_PROCEDURE, VIEW, etc.
                  This value may not be populated for all roles.  Some built in roles have implicit permission
                  definitions.
Schema          : Name of the schema the object is in.
ObjectName      : Name of the object that the user/role is assigned permissions on.
                  This value may not be populated for all roles.  Some built in roles have implicit permission
                  definitions.
ColumnName      : Name of the column of the object that the user/role is assigned permissions on. This value
                  is only populated if the object is a table, view or a table value function.
*/

    --1) List all access provisioned to a SQL user or Windows user/group directly
    SELECT
        [UserType] = CASE princ.[type]
                         WHEN 'S' THEN 'SQL User'
                         WHEN 'U' THEN 'Windows User'
                         WHEN 'G' THEN 'Windows Group'
                     END,
        [DatabaseUserName] = princ.[name],
        [LoginName]        = ulogin.[name],
        [Role]             = NULL,
        [PermissionType]   = perm.[permission_name],
        [PermissionState]  = perm.[state_desc],
        [ObjectType] = CASE perm.[class]
                           WHEN 1 THEN obj.[type_desc]        -- Schema-contained objects
                           ELSE perm.[class_desc]             -- Higher-level objects
                       END,
        [Schema] = objschem.[name],
        [ObjectName] = CASE perm.[class]
                           WHEN 3 THEN permschem.[name]       -- Schemas
                           WHEN 4 THEN imp.[name]             -- Impersonations
                           ELSE OBJECT_NAME(perm.[major_id])  -- General objects
                       END,
        [ColumnName] = col.[name]
    FROM
        --Database user
        sys.database_principals            AS princ
        --Login accounts
        LEFT JOIN sys.server_principals    AS ulogin    ON ulogin.[sid] = princ.[sid]
        --Permissions
        LEFT JOIN sys.database_permissions AS perm      ON perm.[grantee_principal_id] = princ.[principal_id]
        LEFT JOIN sys.schemas              AS permschem ON permschem.[schema_id] = perm.[major_id]
        LEFT JOIN sys.objects              AS obj       ON obj.[object_id] = perm.[major_id]
        LEFT JOIN sys.schemas              AS objschem  ON objschem.[schema_id] = obj.[schema_id]
        --Table columns
        LEFT JOIN sys.columns              AS col       ON col.[object_id] = perm.[major_id]
                                                           AND col.[column_id] = perm.[minor_id]
        --Impersonations
        LEFT JOIN sys.database_principals  AS imp       ON imp.[principal_id] = perm.[major_id]
    WHERE
        princ.[type] IN ('S','U','G')
        -- No need for these system accounts
        AND princ.[name] NOT IN ('sys', 'INFORMATION_SCHEMA')

UNION

    --2) List all access provisioned to a SQL user or Windows user/group through a database or application role
    SELECT
        [UserType] = CASE membprinc.[type]
                         WHEN 'S' THEN 'SQL User'
                         WHEN 'U' THEN 'Windows User'
                         WHEN 'G' THEN 'Windows Group'
                     END,
        [DatabaseUserName] = membprinc.[name],
        [LoginName]        = ulogin.[name],
        [Role]             = roleprinc.[name],
        [PermissionType]   = perm.[permission_name],
        [PermissionState]  = perm.[state_desc],
        [ObjectType] = CASE perm.[class]
                           WHEN 1 THEN obj.[type_desc]        -- Schema-contained objects
                           ELSE perm.[class_desc]             -- Higher-level objects
                       END,
        [Schema] = objschem.[name],
        [ObjectName] = CASE perm.[class]
                           WHEN 3 THEN permschem.[name]       -- Schemas
                           WHEN 4 THEN imp.[name]             -- Impersonations
                           ELSE OBJECT_NAME(perm.[major_id])  -- General objects
                       END,
        [ColumnName] = col.[name]
    FROM
        --Role/member associations
        sys.database_role_members          AS members
        --Roles
        JOIN      sys.database_principals  AS roleprinc ON roleprinc.[principal_id] = members.[role_principal_id]
        --Role members (database users)
        JOIN      sys.database_principals  AS membprinc ON membprinc.[principal_id] = members.[member_principal_id]
        --Login accounts
        LEFT JOIN sys.server_principals    AS ulogin    ON ulogin.[sid] = membprinc.[sid]
        --Permissions
        LEFT JOIN sys.database_permissions AS perm      ON perm.[grantee_principal_id] = roleprinc.[principal_id]
        LEFT JOIN sys.schemas              AS permschem ON permschem.[schema_id] = perm.[major_id]
        LEFT JOIN sys.objects              AS obj       ON obj.[object_id] = perm.[major_id]
        LEFT JOIN sys.schemas              AS objschem  ON objschem.[schema_id] = obj.[schema_id]
        --Table columns
        LEFT JOIN sys.columns              AS col       ON col.[object_id] = perm.[major_id]
                                                           AND col.[column_id] = perm.[minor_id]
        --Impersonations
        LEFT JOIN sys.database_principals  AS imp       ON imp.[principal_id] = perm.[major_id]
    WHERE
        membprinc.[type] IN ('S','U','G')
        -- No need for these system accounts
        AND membprinc.[name] NOT IN ('sys', 'INFORMATION_SCHEMA')

UNION

    --3) List all access provisioned to the public role, which everyone gets by default
    SELECT
        [UserType]         = '{All Users}',
        [DatabaseUserName] = '{All Users}',
        [LoginName]        = '{All Users}',
        [Role]             = roleprinc.[name],
        [PermissionType]   = perm.[permission_name],
        [PermissionState]  = perm.[state_desc],
        [ObjectType] = CASE perm.[class]
                           WHEN 1 THEN obj.[type_desc]        -- Schema-contained objects
                           ELSE perm.[class_desc]             -- Higher-level objects
                       END,
        [Schema] = objschem.[name],
        [ObjectName] = CASE perm.[class]
                           WHEN 3 THEN permschem.[name]       -- Schemas
                           WHEN 4 THEN imp.[name]             -- Impersonations
                           ELSE OBJECT_NAME(perm.[major_id])  -- General objects
                       END,
        [ColumnName] = col.[name]
    FROM
        --Roles
        sys.database_principals            AS roleprinc
        --Role permissions
        LEFT JOIN sys.database_permissions AS perm      ON perm.[grantee_principal_id] = roleprinc.[principal_id]
        LEFT JOIN sys.schemas              AS permschem ON permschem.[schema_id] = perm.[major_id]
        --All objects
        JOIN      sys.objects              AS obj       ON obj.[object_id] = perm.[major_id]
        LEFT JOIN sys.schemas              AS objschem  ON objschem.[schema_id] = obj.[schema_id]
        --Table columns
        LEFT JOIN sys.columns              AS col       ON col.[object_id] = perm.[major_id]
                                                           AND col.[column_id] = perm.[minor_id]
        --Impersonations
        LEFT JOIN sys.database_principals  AS imp       ON imp.[principal_id] = perm.[major_id]
    WHERE
        roleprinc.[type] = 'R'
        AND roleprinc.[name] = 'public'
        AND obj.[is_ms_shipped] = 0

ORDER BY
    [UserType],
    [DatabaseUserName],
    [LoginName],
    [Role],
    [Schema],
    [ObjectName],
    [ColumnName],
    [PermissionType],
    [PermissionState],
    [ObjectType]

 

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